Posts tagged ‘Evergreen Cemetery’

December 2, 2011

Check-Out Gettysburg’s National Cemetery Walking Tour!

Gettysburg's National Soldier's Cemetery.

If you want to tour Gettysburg, check out the walking tour through the Soldier’s National Cemetery.  I know walking through a cemetery doesn’t sound like a lot of fun, and might sound a little bit creepy.  However, you might find a tour of the cemetery to be pretty fun and educational.

The walking  tour starts out on Taneytown Road, there’s an empty lot right there where you can park, across the road is a short walking path that you take to cross into the entrance of the cemetery.  This path will take you across the road and into the cemetery.

A map will guide you so that you can know where to stop while you are walking.  The gravesites in the museum are marked by states from Illinois all the way to Indiana.  A monument is also in the place where Lincoln gave his famous Gettysburg Address.

The tour will also give you a chance to check-out the Soldier’s National Monument and the gatehouse of the famous Evergreen Cemetery where Jennie Wade and John Burns were buried.

Your first stop will be the cemetery entrance, near the site of Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.  The second stop you will make is the 1st Massachusetts Battery.  This stop recognizes the importance of Union artillery and infantry during the three days of battle.

Your third stop will be Lincoln’s Speech Memorial site.  Your fourth stop will then be the Evergreen Cemetery’s entrance.  The Evergreen Cemetery is in fact part of the Soldier’s National Cemetery.

Your final stop on your walking tour will be the Soldier’s National Monument.  The cemetery was officially dedicated on November 19, 1863 along with the Gettysburg Address.  Lincoln’s Address was composed in the White House, and at the David Wills House the night before he delivered it.

November 24, 2011

The Battle of Gettysburg and Jennie Wade: The Only Civilian Casualty During the Battle of Gettysburg!

Jennie Wade

On the evening of June 30, 1863, General John Bufford and his division of over 3,000 Northern soldiers came through Gettysburg by way of Emmitsburg Road in search of General Lee’s army. By Wenesday, July 1, Confederate General Henry Heth’s division of over 5,000 infantrymen poured into town. when the two opposing sides encountered one another just west of the Seminary, the battle began, marking the beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg.

The first day of war was an incomplete confederate victory, with the Northern Army of Potomac being forced to retreat. As the troops made their way into town, sharpshooters seized people’s homes, using them as look-outs and hiding places. As the battle went on, Confederate troops, all tweleve thousand of them went up against the Army of the Potomac. This final assault ultimately eneded the conflict.

By four o’clock in the afternoon, the Confederate troops were down. More than 10,000 casualties on both sides. The numbers afterwards would more than increase the number of deaths. After the war, music and drum beats filled the streets to let the townspeople know that the war was over with. The village had to pick up all the pieces after the war was over; the aftermath, the dead bodies, destroyed town, and tragic losses. One family in particular had to deal with the loss of their beloved daughter, and sister; Mary “Jennie:Virginia Wade.

Jennie Wade happens to be the only civilian casualty killed during the Battle of Gettysburg. Although she is the only civilian casualty during those three days of battle, there were three local Pennsylvania men along with two other civilians who were injured as a result of the battle.  Civilian casualty during the Civil War, or any war for that fact, is not a common thing

I did some research at the Adams County Historical Society and read a very good book written by Cindy L. Small, a Communications/Journalism major who graduated from Shippensburg University in Pa. Small did extensive research and found accurate sources to gather all of the information needed to write a true account of the events leading up to Jennie Wade’s death, along with background information on her family and friends.

Brian Kennell, the Superintendent at the Evergreen Cemetery, also recommend that I read her book, “The Jennie Wade Story: A True and Complete Account of the Only Civilian Killed During the Battle of Gettysburg,” which I purchased at the Adams County Historical Society.

I began my research with the information that I gathered from, “The Jennie Wade Story,” book, the research that I had done at the historical society and the Evergreen Cemetery, and my tour with the Jennie Wade House.

According to sources, a few other casualties were mentioned during the Civil War. One of the three local Pennsylvania men was Jacob Gilbert who was shot in the upper left arm by a stray bullet while walking down Middle St.

Mr. Lehman, a local college student, received injuries due to a shot in the leg. Another college student, a student of the seminary, was injured by a sharpshooter in his thigh. Finally, a Mr. R.F. McIlhenny was injured his ankle while shots rang out.

November 22, 2011

My Trip to the Evergreen Cemetery!

Jennie Wade’s memorial at the Evergreen Cemetery.

So I’ve been doing some research on the Civil War lately; one person’s account of the Civil War in particular has interested me.  Jennie Wade, the only civilian killed during the Battle of Gettysburg, is a pretty well known figure here in Gettysburg, if you ask anyone else outside of town who she is, they may not know, but if you’re a local, you can mostly recite her story.

Jennie Wade was a Gettysburg native.  She was born right here in town, in a house on the corner of Baltimore Street and Breckinridge Street.  She lived there and grew up with her parents, Mary and James Wade, and her older sister, Georgia, and younger brothers, John, Samuel, and Harry.

Jennie grew up playing in the fields around Gettysburg with her childhood friends, Jack Skelly and Wesley Culp.  Friends and family believe that the once innocent friendship between Jennie Wade and Jack Skelly later developed into a romance that we will never know since tragedy swept in and took both the lovers lives at a very young age.

On that fateful morning of July 3rd, 1863, Jennie was kneading dough in her sister’s kitchen when a stray bullet, coming somewhere north near the Farnsworth House, struck the outside door leading to the kitchen, and came through the other inside ktichen door, piercing jennie Wade in her back into her left shoulder blade, hitting her heart and killing her instantly.

When Jennie hit the floor, her sister screamed.  Jennie’s mother ran into the kitchen to find her 20-year-old daughter lying dead on the wooden kitchen floor, which was stained red with Jennie’s blood.  Jennie’s sister’s cries were heard from a few soldier’s that were posted outside, who all came rushing in from all ends of the house  when they heard her screams.

What the men found would shock them.  A 20-year-old girl, a civilian, was lying dead on the floor.  A civilian being mortally wounded during battle just didn’t happen, it shouldn’t happen.  Over the next few hours, Jennie’s family, followed by the soldier’s would carry the young girl’s body up the stairs, through the hole that was blasted through the wall by a ten-pound shell the night before, and down the stairs on the other side of the house, outside the kitchen door, and down the cellar steps into the basement.  It would be all night and half of the next day that the group of sad people would hold vidual for Jennie Wade until the battle was over with and it was safe to go outside.

When the battle had finally ended, Jennie’s body was laid to rest in a wooden casket made ready for a confederate soldier, and placed in her sister’s garden behind the house.  Jennie’s body would later be moved to the cemetery near the German Reformed Church.  It wouldn’t be till about a year later, that Jennie’s body would finally be laid to rest at the Evergreen Cemetery.

The Evergreen Cemetery.

“Her grave site is the most visited in Evergreen” said Brian Kennell, Superintendent of the Evergreen Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pa.

Kennell grew up here in Gettysburg and knows a lot about the history of the Civil War.  He also informed me about where Jack Skelly’s grave could be found so that I could snap some good pictures of the two grave sights .

Kennel explained to me a little bit of history about Jennie Wade’s plaque that reads her real name, “Mary Virginia Wade.”  It was donated by the Iowa Women’s Relief Corps, where her sister became the President.  The bronze plaque was placed at the base of her monument as it stands in the Evergreen Cemetery.

Brian Kennell, Superintendent of the Evergreen Cemetery, also wrote a book titled, “Beyond the Gatehouse: Gettysburg’s Evergreen Cemetery.”  Kennel gave me a copy to take with me to help me with my research.  His book gives an account of the history of the cemetery, Kennell’s life growing up in a cemetery, what “grave-diggin” is all about.

Kennell’s book features some of the first person ever to be buried in the Evergreen Cemetery.  Many of the people who have been buried at the Evergreen Cemetery are famous/notable people.  A few of the people featured in Kennell’s book include James Getty, John Burns, Jennie Wade of course, and Jack Skelly.

Jack Skelly’s tombstone.

Jack Skelly, Jennie’s sweetheart, is also buried at the Evergreen Cemetery, just 70-yards from Jennie.  During the Battle of Carter’s Woods in Winchester, Virginia, Jack Skelly was mortally wounded in his arm, and died almost two weeks after Jennie was killed by a stray bullet.  Jack was buried at a cemetery in Winchester, but his body was later moved by his brother, Daniel, to Gettysburg at the Evergreen Cemetery.

Jack Skelly’s grave.